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Regular price £400.00 GBP
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Artist - Max Burchartz 1887 - 1961

Title - Forest scene with horse, 1948

Medium - Watercolour on paper, signed and dated lower left 'Burchartz 18.2.48

Size - 22.7 x 33 cm (image)

Provenance: Estate of the Artist

Max Burchartz (1887-1961) is best known for his graphics and photo-montages. The multi-talented  Burchartz was a member of the avant-garde group that criticised Bauhaus at a spectacular congress organised by the Constructivists and Dadaists in Weimar in 1922/23. Influenced by the Dutch De Stijl School, Burchartz turned away from expressionism and moved towards constructivism. He undertook another radical step when he gave up painting and dedicated himself to Neue Gestaltung in typography and advertising. In 1924, he founded the werbe-bau advertising agency in Bochum in the core region of industrial development. Burchartz’s typophotos for the Bochum Association, colour coding system for the Hans Sachs Building in Gelsenkirchen, foundation courses at the Folkwang Academy in Essen, and many art theory and pedagogical texts are evidence of his work as a reformer. The photograph of his young daughter was taken in 1928. Called “Lotte (Auge),” it became an icon of modern photography.

He was involved in the Constructivist International with László Moholy-Nagy and Theo van Doesburg. Burchartz was an influential (if now relatively forgotten) figure in the development of the door handle during Modernist period.

Responsible for overseeing the design of the ranges and the corporate design of German manufacturer Wehag, his hardware designs of the late 1920s reflect the same clarity and the Constructivist aesthetics which also informed his graphic work. Originally conceived in 1929 as an economy item suitable for social housing, the lever handle was picked up by Modernist architects as an unobtrusive design perfectly suited to the emerging Functionalist aesthetic. One of these architects was the Georgian-born Berthold Lubetkin who became perhaps the single most important figure in the importation of continental architectural Modernist ideas into England. Lubetkin used Burchartz’s handles on Highpoint 1 & 2 in Highgate and on a number of smaller private houses around the country.

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